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Effect of minimal acupuncture for infantile colic: a multicentre, three-armed, single-blind, randomised controlled trial (ACU-COL)
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundEvidence for treating infantile colic with acupuncture is contradictory.AimTo evaluate and compare the effect of two types of acupuncture versus no acupuncture in infants with colic in public child health centres (CHCs).MethodsA multicen...
Use of acupuncture in the USA: changes over a decade (2002-2012)
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundThe use of acupuncture has gained popularity in the USA. The number of acupuncture users and licensed acupuncturists increased by 50% and 100%, respectively, between 2002 and 2012, coinciding with increasing acknowledgement of the import...
Use of X-rays to study acupuncture points of the hand: implications for education
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundLocation of traditional acupuncture points has historically been based on surface anatomical landmarks. In recent years, Western medical education has utilised X-rays1 and CT2 of cadavers to enable students to better comprehend human ana...
Reporting characteristics and risk of bias in randomised controlled trials of acupuncture analgesia published in PubMed-listed journals
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundAcupuncture analgesia has been evaluated by a number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs); however, a systematic summary of reporting quality of RCTs in this specific field is lacking.ObjectiveTo examine the reporting characteristics a...
Electroacupuncture alleviates the inflammatory response via effects on M1 and M2 macrophages after spinal cord injury
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundMacrophages/microglia are important effector cells at the site of spinal cord injury (SCI). M1-type macrophages facilitate innate immunity to remove foreign microbes and wound debris from the injury site. M2-type macrophages exhibit tiss...
Effectiveness of acupuncture in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing in vitro fertilisation or intracytoplasmic sperm injection: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectivesThe aim of this systematic review was to assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilisa...
Effect of electroacupuncture on the expression of agrin and acetylcholine receptor subtypes in rats with tibialis anterior muscular atrophy induced by sciatic nerve injection injury
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on mRNA and protein expression of agrin, acetylcholine receptor (AChR)- and AChR- in a rat model of tibialis anterior muscle atrophy induced by sciatic nerve injection injury, and to e...
Can the sphenopalatine ganglion be reached by an acupuncture needle?
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundSphenopalatine ganglion acupuncture was first used for the treatment of rhinitis in the 1960s, and has been widely practised in China since the 1970s.1 2 In recent years, this technique has been reported to be effective for rhinitis in c...
Associations between maternal characteristics and women's responses to acupuncture during labour: a secondary analysis from a randomised controlled trial
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundPatient characteristics are modulators of pain experience after acupuncture treatment for chronic pain. Whether this also applies to labour pain is unknown.AimTo examine for associations between maternal characteristics and response to a...
Exploring the physiological and physical effects of acupuncture using ultrasound
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundThe physiological changes in blood flow during acupuncture needle insertion have been explored using different forms of Doppler imaging including laser Doppler perfusion imaging,1 laser Doppler flowmetry,2 and ultrasound colour Doppler.3...
Needle breakage in acupuncture: a biomechanical study
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundNeedle breakage, although rare, is a potential adverse event of acupuncture, which has been highlighted by systematic reviews of case reports in the Western,1 Chinese2 and Japanese3 literature. A Western review of case reports between 20...
Needling depth at BL52 in 13 cadavers
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundBL52 is located 3 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the L2 vertebra. The needling pathway includes the skin, subcutaneous tissue, latissimus dorsi muscle, intrinsic muscles of the back, quadratus lumborum muscle, ...
Effects of electroacupuncture at ST25 and BL25 in a Sennae-induced rat model of diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundElectroacupuncture (EA) may have a role in the treatment of diarrhoea symptoms. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter and paracrine signalling molecule in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, which initiates ...
Effects of electroacupuncture on uterine morphology and expression of oestrogen receptors in ovariectomised rats
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
AimTo observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on uterine morphology and expression of oestrogen receptor (ER) α and β in ovariectomised (OVX) rats.MethodsThirty female Sprague-Dawley rats with regular 4-day oestrus cycles were di...
Contribution of adenosine to the increase in skeletal muscle blood flow caused by manual acupuncture in rats
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
Background and aimAdenosine is believed to play an important role in local acupuncture analgesia. The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of adenosine to the increase in skeletal muscle blood flow (MBF) caused by manual acupunctu...
Effects of electroacupuncture and the retinoid X receptor (RXR) signalling pathway on oligodendrocyte differentiation in the demyelinated spinal cord of rats
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectivesIn spinal cord demyelination, some oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) remain in the demyelinated region but have a reduced capacity to differentiate into oligodendrocytes. This study investigated whether ‘Governor Vessel’...
Effect of transcutaneous electrical acupuncture point stimulation at different frequencies in a rat model of neuropathic pain
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundAcupuncture and related techniques are used worldwide to alleviate pain; however, their mechanisms of action are still not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupuncture point ...
Effects of myofascial trigger point dry needling in patients with sleep bruxism and temporomandibular disorders: a prospective case series
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectivesTo investigate the effects of deep dry needling (DN) of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) of the masseter and temporalis on pain, pressure pain threshold (PPT), pain-free maximal jaw opening and temporomandibular disorder (TMD)-related d...
Therapeutic effects of dry needling in patients with upper trapezius myofascial trigger points
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundActive myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are major pain generators in myofascial pain syndrome. Dry needling (DN) is an effective method for the treatment of MTrPs.ObjectiveTo assess the immediate neurophysiological and clinical effects ...
Factors affecting whether or not cancer patients consider using acupuncture
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveTo explore the factors associated with utilisation of an acupuncture service in a tertiary oncology setting in an Australian public hospital.MethodCancer patients attending oncology clinics at a university teaching hospital were invited t...
Electroacupuncture ameliorates abnormal defaecation and regulates corticotrophin-releasing factor in a rat model of stress
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveTo examine the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on abnormal defaecation in a rat model of chronic heterotypic stress (CHS) and investigate the underlying mechanisms.Methods20 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into ...
Assessment of reporting quality in randomised controlled trials of acupuncture for post-stroke rehabilitation using the CONSORT statement and STRICTA guidelines
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectivesTo evaluate the completeness of reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for post-stroke rehabilitation in order to provide information to facilitate transparent and more complete reporting of acupuncture RCTs in t...
Electroacupuncture restores spatial learning and downregulates phosphorylated N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveParkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. PD can be classified as idiopathic, acquired or hereditary and may be caused by various factors such as oxidative stress, loss of mitochondrial function, n...
Safety recommendations for moxa use based on the concentration of noxious substances produced during commercial indirect moxibustion
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundMoxibustion therapy has been used historically for thousands of years and there are many clinical trials supporting its efficacy and effectiveness for various conditions. Moxa smoke has been a major reason for avoiding moxibustion due to...
What predicts a positive response to acupuncture? A secondary analysis of three randomised controlled trials of insomnia
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveFew studies have investigated the predictors of the specific and non-specific effects of acupuncture. The aim of this secondary analysis was to determine patient characteristics that may predict a better treatment response to acupuncture ...
Suggestions regarding adaptation of the STRICTA guidelines for reporting acupuncture practice and research
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
Dear Editor,We are writing to share some thoughts regarding our use of the STandards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) guidelines1 in two recent reviews of acupuncture for plantar heel pain.2 3 STRICTA was, of...
A potential mechanism underlying the effects of acupuncture on insulin resistance
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
Dear Editor,Acupuncture is a traditional strategy for the treatment of various diseases and pathological disorders. Recently, we read with great interest the excellent review by Martinez and Peplow,1 in which the authors demonstrated that acupunct...
Rationales and treatment approaches underpinning the use of acupuncture and related techniques for plantar heel pain: a critical interpretive synthesis
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundAcupuncture shows promise as a treatment for plantar heel pain (PHP) or plantar fasciitis (PF), but data heterogeneity has undermined demonstration of efficacy. Recognising that acupuncture is a diverse field of practice, the aim of this...
Electroacupuncture improves cognitive deficits and activates PPAR-{gamma} in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundAlzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-associated neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with a progressive impairment of cognition. Acupuncture has protective effects, although the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. The activa...
Effects of electroacupuncture in a mouse model of fibromyalgia: role of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and related mechanisms
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveN-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) activation and downstream transduction pathways are crucial for pain signalling. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common pain syndrome of unclear aetiology that is often drug-refractory but may benefit from tre...
Acupuncture for the treatment of hiccups following stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectivesTo assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for hiccups following stroke.MethodsMedline, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and four Chinese medical databases were searched from their inception to 1 June 2015. The dataset included random...
A cross-sectional survey of pain catastrophising and acupuncture use among breast cancer survivors
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
IntroductionTreatment-related joint pain affects almost half of all women with breast cancer using aromatase inhibitors and is a major reason for terminating treatment. Although acupuncture is becoming an increasingly popular, evidence-based optio...
Acupuncture for irritable bowel syndrome: 2-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundA recent randomised controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture as a treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) demonstrated sustained benefits over a period of 12 months post-randomisation.AimTo extend the trial follow-up to evaluate t...
Role of the medial preoptic area in electroacupuncture treatment of reproductive dysfunction in ovariectomised rats
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
ObjectiveTo investigate the role of the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of the hypothalamus in electroacupuncture (EA) treatment of reproductive dysfunction in ovariectomised (OVX) rats and to examine the underlying mechanisms of action.Methods62 fema...
An international survey on the current use of electroacupuncture
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
BackgroundDespite many research publications, it is unclear how widely electroacupuncture (EA) and related modalities are used in everyday practice. It is also uncertain who uses them, for what conditions, and with what results. We aimed to survey...